Exploring Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding the Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUD) among Family Planning Acceptors in Windhoek, Khomas Region, Namibia

Frieda Ndeshipanda FN Taapopi, Lucille Bertha LB Van der Westhuizen


The intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is one of the contraceptive methods that are under-utilized in many African countries, including Namibia. The aim of this study was to explore and describe knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding the IUD among family planning (FP) acceptors in Khomas Region, Namibia. A non-experimental, quantitative, exploratory, descriptive study was conducted at nine health facilities in Windhoek. A probability sampling technique was applied to select the sample which was calculated using the Epi Info version 7, Statcalc. A total of 582 FP acceptors were interviewed, using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistical analyses were done and results presented in percentages, proportions and displayed in tables, graphs. Overall, about half of FP acceptors were not aware of the IUD, while almost all knew the injectables and oral contraceptive pills. FP acceptors lacked adequate specific knowledge content of the IUD. This study did not only establish limited awareness of the IUD among FP acceptors but also inadequate knowledge on IUD characteristics, benefits, common-side effects, which woman can use an IUD and associated myths. Therefore, this study recommends to Ministry of Health and Social Services and its partners to sensitize and educate family planning users on the IUD in order to increase demand and utilization. (Afr J Reprod Health 2019; 23[4]: 75-80).

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