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Cash Transfers to Increase Antenatal Care Utilization in Kisoro, Uganda: A Pilot Study

Chava Kahn, Moses Iraguha, Michael Baganizi, Giselle E Kolenic, Gerald A Paccione, Nergesh Tejani

Abstract

1. World Health Organization. Antenatal care in
developing countries: promises, achievements, and
missed opportunities: analysis of trends, levels, and
differentials. Geneva: World Health Organization,
2003.
2. Uganda Bureau of Statistics. Uganda Demographic and
Health Survey. Maryland: ICF International, 2011.
3. Jayaraman A, Chandraskhar S, Gebreselassie T.
Factors affecting maternal health care seeking
behavior in Rwanda. Maryland: Macro International
Inc., 2008.
4. Fiszbein A, Schady N. Conditional cash transfers:
reducing present and future poverty. Washington,
D.C.: The World Bank, 2009.
5. Morris SS, Flores R, Olinto P, et al. Monetary
incentives in primary health care and effects on use
and coverage of preventive health care interventions
in rural Honduras: cluster randomized trial. Lancet
2004; 364(9450): 2030-7.
6. Gupta SK, Pal DK, Tiwari R, et al. Impact of
Janani Suraksha Yojana on institutional delivery
rate and maternal morbidity and mortality: an
observational study. Journal of Health, Population,
and Nutrition 2012; 30(4):464-71.
7. Volpp KG, Troxel AB, Pauly MV, et al. A
randomized, controlled trial of financial incentives
for smoking cessation. NEJM 2009; 360(7): 699-
709.
8. Lagarde M, Haines A, Palmer N. Conditional
cash transfers for improving uptake of health
interventions in low- and middle-income countries.
JAMA 2007; 298(16): 1900-1910.
9. Glassman A, Duran D, Koblinsky M. Impact of
conditional cash transfers on maternal and newborn
health. CGD Policy Paper 019. Washington, D.C.:
Center for Global Development, 2013.
10. Ahmed S, Khan MM. Is demand-side financing
equity enhancing? Lessons from a maternal health
voucher scheme in Bangladesh. Social Science &
Medicine 2011; 72: 1704-1710.
11. Thornton R. The demand for, and impact of,
learning HIV status. American Economic Review
2008; 98(5): 1829-1863.
12. Ranganathan M, Lagarde M. Promoting healthy
behaviors and improving health outcomes in low
and middle income countries: a review of the impact
of conditional cash transfer programmes. Preventive
Medicine 2012; 55: S95-S105.
13. Obare F, Warren C, Njuki R, et al. Communitylevel
impact of the reproductive health vouchers
programme on service utilization in Kenya. Health
Policy and Planning 2013; 28: 165-175.
14. Fernald LC, Gertler PJ, Neufeld LM. Role of
cash in conditional cash transfer programmes for
child health, growth, and development: an analysis
of Mexico’s Oportunidades. Lancet 2008;
371(9615): 828-37.
15. Uganda Bureau of Statistics, 2005. Uganda
Population and Housing Census: Kisoro District
Report. Entebbe: Uganda Bureau of Statistics.
16. Thornton RL. The demand for, and impact of,
learning HIV status. American Economic Review
2008; 98(5): 1829-63.
17. Promberger M, Marteau TM. When do financial
incentives reduce intrinsic motivation? Comparing
behaviors studies in psychological and economic
literatures. Health Psychology. 2013; 32(9): 950-7.
18. Kohler HP, Thornton RL. Conditional cash transfers and
HIV/AIDS prevention: Unconditionally promising?
The World Bank Economic Review 2012; 26: 165-
190.
19. Swider SM. Outcome effectiveness of community health
workers: an integrative literature review. Public
Health Nursing 2002; 19(1): 11-20.
20. De Brouwere V, Tonglet R, Lerberghe WV. Strategies
for reducing maternal mortality in developing
countries: what can we learn from the history of the
industrialized West? Tropical Medicine &
International Health 1998;3(10):771-782.

21. Ronsmans C, Etard JF, Walraven LH, et al. Maternal
mortality and access to obstetric services in West
Africa. Tropical Medicine & International Health
2003; 8(10): 940-948.
22. Gerein N, Mayhew S, Lubben M. A framework for a
new approach to antenatal care. International
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2003; 80(2):
175-182.
23. Ensor T, Quigley P, Green C, et al. Knowledgeable
antenatal care as a pathway to skilled delivery:
modeling the interactions between use of services
and knowledge in Zambia. Health Policy and
Planning 2013; 1-9.
24. Fernald LC, Gertler PJ, Hou X. Cash component
of conditional cash transfer program is associated
with higher body mass index and blood pressure in
adults. Journal of Nutrition 2008; 138(11): 2250-7.

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References

World Health Organization. Antenatal care in

developing countries: promises, achievements, and

missed opportunities: analysis of trends, levels, and

differentials. Geneva: World Health Organization,

Uganda Bureau of Statistics. Uganda Demographic and

Health Survey. Maryland: ICF International, 2011.

Jayaraman A, Chandraskhar S, Gebreselassie T.

Factors affecting maternal health care seeking

behavior in Rwanda. Maryland: Macro International

Inc., 2008.

Fiszbein A, Schady N. Conditional cash transfers:

reducing present and future poverty. Washington,

D.C.: The World Bank, 2009.

Morris SS, Flores R, Olinto P, et al. Monetary

incentives in primary health care and effects on use

and coverage of preventive health care interventions

in rural Honduras: cluster randomized trial. Lancet

; 364(9450): 2030-7.

Gupta SK, Pal DK, Tiwari R, et al. Impact of

Janani Suraksha Yojana on institutional delivery

rate and maternal morbidity and mortality: an

observational study. Journal of Health, Population,

and Nutrition 2012; 30(4):464-71.

Volpp KG, Troxel AB, Pauly MV, et al. A

randomized, controlled trial of financial incentives

for smoking cessation. NEJM 2009; 360(7): 699-

Lagarde M, Haines A, Palmer N. Conditional

cash transfers for improving uptake of health

interventions in low- and middle-income countries.

JAMA 2007; 298(16): 1900-1910.

Glassman A, Duran D, Koblinsky M. Impact of

conditional cash transfers on maternal and newborn

health. CGD Policy Paper 019. Washington, D.C.:

Center for Global Development, 2013.

Ahmed S, Khan MM. Is demand-side financing

equity enhancing? Lessons from a maternal health

voucher scheme in Bangladesh. Social Science &

Medicine 2011; 72: 1704-1710.

Thornton R. The demand for, and impact of,

learning HIV status. American Economic Review

; 98(5): 1829-1863.

Ranganathan M, Lagarde M. Promoting healthy

behaviors and improving health outcomes in low

and middle income countries: a review of the impact

of conditional cash transfer programmes. Preventive

Medicine 2012; 55: S95-S105.

Obare F, Warren C, Njuki R, et al. Communitylevel

impact of the reproductive health vouchers

programme on service utilization in Kenya. Health

Policy and Planning 2013; 28: 165-175.

Fernald LC, Gertler PJ, Neufeld LM. Role of

cash in conditional cash transfer programmes for

child health, growth, and development: an analysis

of Mexico’s Oportunidades. Lancet 2008;

(9615): 828-37.

Uganda Bureau of Statistics, 2005. Uganda

Population and Housing Census: Kisoro District

Report. Entebbe: Uganda Bureau of Statistics.

Thornton RL. The demand for, and impact of,

learning HIV status. American Economic Review

; 98(5): 1829-63.

Promberger M, Marteau TM. When do financial

incentives reduce intrinsic motivation? Comparing

behaviors studies in psychological and economic

literatures. Health Psychology. 2013; 32(9): 950-7.

Kohler HP, Thornton RL. Conditional cash transfers and

HIV/AIDS prevention: Unconditionally promising?

The World Bank Economic Review 2012; 26: 165-

Swider SM. Outcome effectiveness of community health

workers: an integrative literature review. Public

Health Nursing 2002; 19(1): 11-20.

De Brouwere V, Tonglet R, Lerberghe WV. Strategies

for reducing maternal mortality in developing

countries: what can we learn from the history of the

industrialized West? Tropical Medicine &

International Health 1998;3(10):771-782.

Ronsmans C, Etard JF, Walraven LH, et al. Maternal

mortality and access to obstetric services in West

Africa. Tropical Medicine & International Health

; 8(10): 940-948.

Gerein N, Mayhew S, Lubben M. A framework for a

new approach to antenatal care. International

Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2003; 80(2):

-182.

Ensor T, Quigley P, Green C, et al. Knowledgeable

antenatal care as a pathway to skilled delivery:

modeling the interactions between use of services

and knowledge in Zambia. Health Policy and

Planning 2013; 1-9.

Fernald LC, Gertler PJ, Hou X. Cash component

of conditional cash transfer program is associated

with higher body mass index and blood pressure in

adults. Journal of Nutrition 2008; 138(11): 2250-7.

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