Estimating the Impact of Birth Control on Fertility Rate in Sub-Saharan Africa

Gafar T Ijaiya, Usman A Raheem, Abdulwaheed O Olatinwo, Munir-Deen A Ijaiya, Mukaila A Ijaiya

Abstract

Using a cross-country data drawn from 40 countries and a multiple regression analysis, this paper examines the impact of birth control devices on the rate of fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Our a-priori expectations are that the more women used birth control devices, the less will be the fertility rate in subSaharan Africa. The result obtained from the study indicates that except for withdrawal method that fall contrary to our expectation other variables (methods) like the use of pills, injection, intra uterine device (IUD), condom/diaphragm and cervical cap, female sterilization and periodic abstinence/rhythm fulfilled our a-priori expectations. These results notwithstanding, the paper suggests measures, such as the need for massive enlightenment campaign on the benefit of these birth control devices, the frequent checking of the potency of the devices and good governance in the delivery of the devices (Afr J Reprod Health 2009; 13[4]:137-145).

 

RĖSUMĖ

 

Evaluation de l’impact du contrôle des naissances sur le taux de fécondité en Afrique subsaharéenne. Cette étude examine l’impact des méthodes du contrôle des naissances sur le taux de fécondité en Afrique subsaharéenne à l’aide des données à travers champs recueillies dans 40 pays et d’une analyse de la régression multiple.  Nos espérances a priori sont que plus les femmes emploient les méthodes du contrôle des naissances, plus le taux de fécondité en Afrique subsaharéenne baissera.  Le résultat obtenu montre qu’à part la méthode du coϊt interrompu qui a baissée contrairement à ce que nous nous attendions, les autres variables (méthodes) comme l’emploi des pilules, l’infection, le dispositif intra-utérin (DIU), le préservatif, la stérilisation féminine et l’abstinence périodique/le rythme ont satisfait toutes nos espérances a priori.  Malgré ces résultats, l’étude propose  des mesures telles la nécessité de lancer une grande campagne de sensibilisation sur les bienfaits de ces méthodes du contrôle des naissances, la vérification fréquentes de l’efficacité des méthodes et la bonne gouvernance en matière de la prestation de ces méthodes (Afr J Reprod Health 2009; 13[4]: 137-145).

 

 

KEYWORDS: Birth Control, Fertility, Sub-Saharan Africa 

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