Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Study on Reproductive Health Among Secondary School Students in Bolgatanga, Upper East Region, Ghana

Simona Rondini, John Kingsley Krugu

Abstract

This study was conducted within the secondary school student population of the Bolgatanga community, in Northern Ghana, to learn about knowledge, attitude and practices of reproductive health of this adolescent student population.  Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected on adolescence perception, STIs and HIV/AIDS, family planning, male-female relationship, and vulnerability to sexual violence. The data collected show a concerning low familiarity of the student population with family planning methods and HIV/AIDS transmission, which, combined with minimal contraceptive use, pose them at high risk for unwanted pregnancies and  sexual infections transmission. We argue that poor infrastructures and low accessibility of these rural areas in Northern Ghana may have led to uneven distribution of reproductive health educational programs in the country, urging more programs and interventions aimed particularly at these high risk groups (Afr J Reprod Health 2009; 13[4]:51-66).

 

RĖSUMĖ

Etude de la connaissance, de l’attitude et des pratiques concernant santé de la reproduction chez les secondaires à Bolgatanga, à Upper East Région au Ghana. Cette étude a été menée au sein de la population des étudiants des écoles secondaires dans la communauté de Bolgatanga au nord du Ghana afin de nous renseigner sur la connaissance, l’attitude et les pratiques de la santé de reproduction chez cette population adolescente.  Nous avons collecté des données quantitatives et qualitatives sur la perception de l’adolescence, les ISTs et le VIH/SIDA, la planification familiale, le rapport hommefemme et la vulnérabilité à la violence sexuelle.  Les données collectées ont montré une faible familiarité inquiétante au sein de la population estudiantine avec les méthodes de la planification familiale et la transmission du VIH/SIDA qui, combinée avec l’emploi minimal du contraceptif, les expose à un haut risque pour des grossesses non voulues et la transmission des infections sexuelles.  Nous soutenons que les mauvaises infrastructures et la basse accessibilité de ces régions rurales au Ghana du nord ont peut-être conduit à la distribution inégale des programmes éducatifs de la santé de la reproduction dans le pays en recommandant davantage de programmes et d’interventions qui visent en particulier ces groupes à très haut risque (Afr J Reprod Health 2009; 13[4]:51-66).

 

 

 

KEYWORDS: In-School Adolescence; Reproductive health; Northern Ghana

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