Falling Fertility and increase in Use of Contraception in Zimbabwe.

Akim Mturi, Kembo Joshua

Abstract

Zimbabwe does not feature much on the current debate of fertility transition in sub-Saharan Africa.  This article is trying to fill this gap by analysing the ZDHS data. The total fertility rate of Zimbabwe was close to 7 births during independence in 1980.  However, it has declined to 3.8 in 2006.  This does not only show that fertility in Zimbabwe has been declining over the years, but it is one of the lowest in the region. The fertility trend observed is mainly explained by use of contraception.  The contraceptive prevalence rate was 60 percent in 2006. It is noted that the contraceptive uptake has continued to increase even during the years when Zimbabwe was going through serious political, economic, social and health challenges. This is because the groundwork done on the family planning programme soon after independence put a solid foundation in motivating women to use contraception.

Résumé

Le Zimbabwe ne figure pas beaucoup dans le débat actuel sur la transition de la fécondité en Afrique subsaharienne.  Cet article essaie de combler ce vide en analysant les données de  l'EZDS.  Le taux de fécondité totale de Zimbabwe est  à peu près 7 naissances pendant l'indépendance en 1980.  Néanmoins, il a chuté jusqu'à  3,8 en 2006.  Ceci montre que non seulement la fécondité au Zimbabwe baisse au cours des années, mais elle est une de plus faibles de la région.  La tendance de la fécondité que nous avons constatée est largement expliquée par l'emploi de la contraception.  Le taux de la prévalence contraceptive était de 60% en 2006.  On constate que l'acceptation ne cesse de s'accroitre même pendant les années  ou le Zimbabwe traversait des moments difficiles sur les plans politiques, économiques, sociaux et sanitaires.  Ceci parce que le travail préparatoire qui a été fait sur le programme de la planification familiale peu après l'indépendance a assuré une base solide à  la motivation des femmes à utiliser la contraception.

 

Key words: Fertility, Family Planning, Contraceptiion

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