“Over my Dead Body”: Knowledge and Attitude of Children towards HIV and AIDS in the Cape Coast Metropolis of Ghana

Samuel Asiedu Owusu


In Ghana, it was estimated in 2013 that some 34,557 children were living with HIV and AIDS. Researches on children’s perception of risk, knowledge and support services for infected persons have been rarely undertaken. This paper is based on responses obtained from 120 in-school children aged 9-13 years drawn from three schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis of Ghana. The respondents provided qualitative data through essays and quantitative data through questionnaires. All the respondents have had some knowledge on HIV and AIDS and knew of where to access HIV and AIDS information. More than seventy per cent of them were not willing to purchase fresh vegetables from AIDS vendors nor were willing to allow AIDS infected female teachers to continue teaching them. It was recommended that children should be targeted with behavioural change communication messages especially by teachers to enable them live harmoniously with people infected and affected with AIDS. (Afr J Reprod Health 2015; 19[1]: 63-72).

Full Text:



UNAIDS. Global report: UNAIDS report on the global aids epidemic 2013. 2. Ghana AIDS Commission. Summary of the 2013 HIV sentinel survey report. 2014. 3. Ghana Statistical Service, Ghana Health Service, and ICF Macro. Ghana Demographic and Health Survey 2008. 2009. 4. United Nations Development Programme. The rise of the south: Human progress in a diverse world. 2013. 5. Piot P, Bartos M, Ghys PD, Walker N, and Schwartländer B. The global impact of HIV/AIDS. Nature 2001; 410: 968-973. 6. UNICEF. Children and HIV and AIDS. 2008. 7. Halabi S, Smith W, Collins J, Baker D and Bedford JA. Document analysis of HIV/AIDS education interventions in Ghana. Health Education Journal 2012; 0(0): 1–15 8. Awusabo-Asare K, Abane AM and Kumi-Kyereme A. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Ghana: A synthesis of research evidence. Occasional Report 2004. 9. Jocelyn D, Bonnie S, Farzaneh RF and Ashford L. Young people’s sexual and reproductive health in the Middle East and North Africa. 2007. 10. Republic of Ghana. National population policy action plan for population, education and communication (Rev.ed), Vol. IV. 1994. 11. Republic of Ghana. Adolescent reproductive health policy. 2000. 12. Ghana Statistical Service. 2010 Population and housing census: National analytical report. 2013. 13. Ghana Statistical Service. 2010 Population and housing census: Regional analytical report Central Region. 2013. 14. Ghana Health Service. Central Regional Annual Report 2012. 2013. 15. Ghana Statistical Service, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research and ORC Macro. Ghana Demographic and Health Survey 2003. 2004. 16. Awusabo-Asare K and Marfo C. Attitudes to and management of HIV/AIDS among health workers in Ghana: the case of Cape Coast municipality. Health Transition Review 1997; 7 (Suppl.): 271–280. 17. Poku K A, Linn J.G, Fife BL, Azar S and Kendrick L. A comparative analysis of perceived stigma among HIVpositive Ghanaian and African-American males. Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS 2005; 2(3):344–351. 18. Mwinituo PP and Mill JE. Stigma associated with Ghanaian caregivers of AIDS patients. Western Journal of Nursing Research 2006; 28:369–382. 19. Ghana AIDS Commission. Formative Research for Behavioural Change Communication (BCC)

Owusu Children, HIV and AIDS in Ghana

African Journal of Reproductive Health March 2015; 19 (1): 72

Development of Messaging. 2012. Unpublished research report 20. Nkansah B and Boateng Y. Environmental studies for primary school: Book 6 (5th Edition). 2005. 21. Anyidoho A, Sraha I, Ntumy T and Ruse C. New gateway to English for primary schools: Pupils’ Book 6. Pearson Education Limited. 2008. 22. Assan A and Arthur PKA. English language for primary schools: Pupils’ book 6. Afarm Publications (Ghana)

Limited. 2012. 23. Owusu SA, Blankson E J and Abane A.M. Sexual and reproductive health education among Dressmakers and Hairdressers in the Assin South District. African Journal of Reproductive Health 2011; 15(4):109-119. 24. UNICEF. All children in school by 2015: Global initiative on out-of school children, Ghana Country Study. 2012.


  • There are currently no refbacks.