Psychological Disorders among Human Immunodeficiency Virus infected Adults in Southern Nigeria

Caroline E. Ofovwe, Catherine Ofovwe

Abstract

Persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have been reported to be more at risk of developing mental illness than the general population.    A cross sectional study was carried out to evaluate psychological symptoms of PLWHA. A total of one hundred and thirteen persons living with HIV/AIDS (M= 43, F=70) with an age range of 21-65 years X=38.00±9.68 participated in the study.  Paranoid ideation, Depression, Neuroticism, Interpersonal sensitivity and Anxiety were the most common psychopathologic symptoms. Women reported a higher proportion of psychopathology compared to men on all subscales. There was no significant statistical difference between the age groups on all symptoms evaluated. Single PLWHA in this study had a higher tendency towards psychopathology compared to the married or widowed. The psychopathological proportion of symptoms reported by PLWHA in this study calls for concern. Mental health screening and psychological intervention thus remains imperative in the care of PLWHA in Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health 2013 (Special Edition); 17[4]: 177-182).

 

Keywords:  Psychological disorders, HIV/AIDS, Southern Nigeria.

 

Résumé

 

On a documenté le fait que les  personnes vivant avec le VIH / SIDA (PVVIH) sont  plus à risque de développer une maladie mentale que la population générale. Une étude transversale a été réalisée pour évaluer les symptômes psychologiques des PVVIH. Un total de cent treize personnes vivant avec le VIH / sida (M = 43, F = 70) avec une tranche d'âge de 21-65 ans ont participé à l'étude. L’idéation paranoïaque,  la dépression, la névrose, la sensibilité interpersonnelle et l'anxiété sont des symptômes psychopathologiques les plus courantes. Les femmes ont signalé une plus forte proportion de la psychopathologie par rapport aux hommes sur toutes les échelles. Il n'y avait pas de différence statistiquement significative entre les groupes d'âge sur tous les symptômes évalués. PVVIH unique dans cette étude avaient une plus grande tendance vers la psychopathologie par rapport à ceux qui sont mariés ou veufs. La proportion psychopathologique des symptômes rapportés par les PVVIH dans cette étude appelle de préoccupation. Le dépistage et l’intervention psychologique de la santé mentale demeurent donc impératifs dans la prise en charge des PVVIH au Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health 2013 (Edition Spéciale); 17[4]: 177-182).

 

Mots-clés: troubles psychologiques, VIH / sida, le sud du Nigeria.

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