A Review of HIV/AIDS Awareness and Knowledge of Preventive Methods in Ghana

Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Gloria Afful-Mensah

Abstract

This paper reviews HIV/AIDS awareness, knowledge and preventive methods in Ghana over the past two decades drawing heavily on the 2003 and 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Surveys (GDHS). The review reveals that there is almost a universal awareness of HIV/AIDS in Ghana although there are still some deficiencies in comprehensive knowledge of the epidemic. Nevertheless, there seem to be some gender differences in the level of awareness since men have more knowledge on HIV/AIDS including its prevention than women. Besides, it is revealed that knowledge of preventive measures lagged behind awareness of the epidemic.  In addition, male respondents between 15 and 24 years are more aware of the preventive measures than their female counterparts. Against the backdrop that women are more affected by the epidemic than men, there is the need to intensify the knowledge and preventive methods of HIV/AIDS especially among the women in their reproductive age. Afr J Reprod Health 2013 (Special Edition); 17[4]: 69-82).

 

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Knowledge, Awareness, Prevention, productive population, Ghana  

 

Résumé

 

Ce document examine la sensibilisation au VIH / sida, les connaissances et les méthodes de prévention au Ghana au cours des deux dernières décennies en s'appuyant fortement sur les Enquêtes Démographiques  sur la santé (EDS) de 2003 et 2008 du Ghana. L'examen révèle qu'il y a une prise de conscience presque universelle du VIH / SIDA au Ghana,  quoi qu’il existe encore des lacunes dans par rapport à la connaissance globale de l'épidémie. Néanmoins, il semble y avoir des différences entre les sexes quant à la prise de conscience puisque les hommes ont plus de connaissances sur le VIH/SIDA, y compris sa prévention que les femmes. Par ailleurs, il est révélé que la connaissance des mesures préventives vient après la prise de conscience de l'épidémie. En outre, les interviewés de sexe masculin entre 15 et 24 ans sont plus conscients des mesures préventives que leurs homologues féminins. Dans le contexte que les femmes sont plus touchées par l'épidémie que les hommes, il y a la nécessité d'intensifier les connaissances et les méthodes de prévention du VIH/SIDA en particulier chez les femmes en âge de procréer. Afr J Reprod Health 2013 (Special Edition); 17[4]: 69-82).

 

Mots-clés: VIH/Sida, connaissances,  sensibilisation,  prévention,  population productive, Ghana

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