Drivers of Young People’s Attitudes towards HIV/AIDS Stigma and Discrimination: Evidence from Ghana

Joshua Amo-Adjei, Eugene KM Darteh

Abstract

Using data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, this paper examines the drivers of young people’s attitudes towards HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination in Ghana. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression were used to examine these drivers. The odds of low stigma and discrimination attitudes increased with higher education: thus, males [OR=11.04; 95% CI=4.59-26.54] and females [OR=5.12; 95% CI=2.41-11.28] with higher education were significantly more likely to express positive attitudes towards people living HIV. Controlling for beliefs, myths and knowledge about causes of HIV, the influence of education on HIV-related stigma among males and females reduces considerably but the odds remain statistically significant. Beliefs, myths and knowledge of HIV causes/prevention had varying significant effects on stigma. Ethnic, regional and religious differences also emerged in the results. The findings suggest that people with better and accurate knowledge about HIV, particularly its transmission have lower tendencies of showing HIV-related stigma and discrimination. Both formal and informal education on HIV should be pursued rigorously as part of the larger efforts at reducing HIV. Afr J Reprod Health 2013 (Special Edition); 17[4]: 51-59).

 

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, stigma and discrimination, young people, Ghana

 

Résumé

 

En utilisant les données de l'Enquête Démographique et de santé de 2008 au Ghana,  cet article examine les dynamiques  de l'attitude des jeunes gens envers la stigmatisation et la discrimination liées au VIH/SIDA au Ghana. Les statistiques descriptives et de la régression logistique binaire ont été utilisés pour examiner ces pilotes. Les possibilités d’une faible stigmatisation et des attitudes de la discrimination ont augmenté avec l'amélioration de l'enseignement supérieur: les hommes et les femmes qui ont fait les études supérieures étaient significativement plus susceptibles d'exprimer des attitudes positives envers les personnes vivant avec le VIH [OR = 11,04, IC 95% = 4,59 à 26,54] pour les hommes et [OR = 5,12 ; 95%  IC = 2,41 à 11,28] pour les femmes.  La même tendance a été observée chez les femmes. Avec le contrôle des croyances, des mythes et des connaissances sur les causes du VIH, l'influence de l'éducation sur la stigmatisation liée au VIH chez les hommes et les femmes diminue considérablement mais reste très significative. Les croyances, les mythes et les connaissances des causes et de la prévention du VIH  avaient  effets divers  significatifs sur la stigmatisation.  Les différences ethniques, régionales et religieuses ont également apparu  dans les résultats. Les résultats suggèrent que les  personnes qui ont de meilleures connaissances et plus précises  sur le VIH, en particulier sa transmission semble avoir des attitudes plus bas vers la stigmatisation liée au VIH. L'éducation formelle et informelle sur le VIH devrait être poursuivie rigoureusement dans le cadre des efforts plus importants à la réduction du VIH. Afr J Reprod Health 2013 (Edition Spéciale); 17[4]: 51-59).  

 

Mots-clés: VIH/SIDA,  stigmatisation et discrimination,  jeunes gens, Ghana

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