Knowledge and Perceptions of Date Rape among Female Undergraduates of a Nigerian University

Frederick O. Oshiname, Akintayo O. Ogunwale, Ademola J. Ajuwon


This paper focuses on knowledge and perceptions of Date Rape (DR) among female undergraduates of the University of Ibadan. The cross-sectional survey was conducted among 651 female undergraduates selected using a four-stage random sampling technique. A semi-structured questionnaire which included a 6-point knowledge scale and a 21-points perceptions scale was used to collect data. Knowledge scores of 0- 2, 3- 4 and 5- 6 were rated as poor, fair and good respectively. Perception scores of 0-10 and 11-21 were categorized as supportive and non-supportive perception of DR respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square at p < 0.05. Mean knowledge score was 2.3 ± 2.1 and 50.0% participants had poor knowledge of DR. Knowledge of DR increased significantly by level of study. Participants’ had a mean perception score of 9.1 ± 2.8 and 66.9% had perceptions supportive of DR. Campus-based educational programme have potentials for addressing the phenomenon. (Afr J Reprod Health 2013; 17[3]: 137-148).



Ce document met l'accent sur les connaissances et les perceptions du viol lors d’un rendez-vous (VLR) parmi les étudiantes du premier cycle de l'Université d'Ibadan. L'enquête transversale a été menée auprès de 651 étudiantes de premier cycle sélectionnées à l’aide d’une technique d'échantillonnage aléatoire en quatre étapes. Un questionnaire semi-structuré qui comprenait une évaluation des connaissances à 6 points et  l’échelle de perception à 21 points a été utilisé pour collecter des données. Les cotations  de connaissance de 0-2, 3-4 et 5-6 ont été classées comme médiocre, moyenne et bonne, respectivement. Les cotations de perception de 0-10 et 11-21 ont été classées comme perception de soutien  et de non soutien du VLR respectivement. Les données ont été analysées à l'aide de statistiques descriptives et chi carré à p <0,05.  La cotation moyenne de la connaissance était de 2,3 ± 2,1 et 50,0% des participants avaient une mauvaise connaissance de la VLR. La connaissance de la VLR a augmenté de façon significative selon le niveau d'étude. Les participants «avaient une cotation de perception moyenne de 9,1 ± 2,8 et 66,9% avaient une perception de soutien de la VLR. Les programmes éducatifs qui sont  basés  sur le campus ont un potentiel pour s’occuper du phénomène. (Afr J Reprod Health 2013; 17[3]: 137-148).


Keywords: Female undergraduate students, Date rape perception, Date rape-related knowledge.  

Full Text:



United Nations General Assembly. Declaration on the elimination of violence against women. Proceedings

of the 85th Plenary Meeting, Geneva, Dec. 20, 1993. United Nations General Assembly.

Heise L, Ellsberg M and Gottemoeller M Ending violence against women, Population Reports, Series L, No. 1, 1999

Ellsberg, M.C., R. Pena, A. Herrera, J. Liljestrand and A.

Winkvist. ‘Wife Abuse Among Women of Childbearing Age in Nicaragua’, American Journal of Public Health, 1999; 89(2): 241–44.

Sarnavka S. Using the Master’s Tools: Feminism, Media, and Ending Violence against Women’, Gender & Development, 2003; 11(1): 91–93.

Lohmann KJ. The contentious nature of addressing rape,

Retrieved 12th April, 2010 from

Heise L, Moore K and Toubia N.. Sexual Coercion and Reproductive Health: A Focus on Research, New

York: Population Council 1995, 59p

Olaleye O S and Ajuwon, A J. Experience of Nonconsensual Sex among Students in a Tertiary Institution in Ibadan, Nigeria. Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research 2011; 3(3) 175-183.

Russo, L. Date Rape: A hidden Crime. Trend and Issues in Crime and Justice 2000, Retrieved 23rd June, 2010 from

Elegbeleye OS. Is Rape in the eye or in the mind of the offender? A survey of Rape Perceptions among Nigerian University stakeholders. Education, Research and Review. 2006; 1(2):40- 51

Ogunwale AO, Oshiname FO and Ajuwon AJ. Date rape Experiences and Help-seeking Behaviour among Female University Students in Ibadan. International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine and Public Health, 2012, 4 (8).

Izugbara OC, Duru EJC and Dania PO. Women and Male Partner-dating Violence in Nigeria. Indian Journal of Gender Studies,2008; 15: 461

Obare F, Agwanda A, Magadi MA. Gender-role attitudes and reproductive health communication among female adolescents in South Nyanza, Kenya. African

Population Studies, 2006; 21(3).

Zhang L, Shah I. and Baldwin W. Communication with parents and peers on sexual matters: the experience of adolescents in Northeastern of China." Journal of Reproduction and Contraception, 2006. 17(4):24959.

Abbey, A., McAuslan, P., Zawacki, T. Clinton, A.M. and Buck, P. O. Attitudinal, experiential, and situational predictors of sexual assault perpetration. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2001; 16(8), 784-807.

Ajuwon, A.J., Olley, B.O., Akinola, O. and Akin-Jimoh I. Sexual coercion in adolescent: exploring the experiences of rape victims in Ibadan, Nigeria. Health Education, 2004; 104 (1): 8-17.

Warkentin JB. Dating Violence and Sexual Assault Among College Men: Co-occurrence, Predictors and Differentiating factors. PhD, Thesis, 2008. Department of Psychology, University of Ohio. Xiii + 173 pp.

Abbey, A., Clinton, A.M. McAuslan, P., Zawacki, T. and Buck, P.O. Alcohol-involved rapes: are they more violent? Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2002; 26(2): 99–109

Kronz CS. A 30 year old woman with possible unknown ingestion of date rape drugs. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2000.; 25 (6): 544-548

Schwartz R, Milteer R and LeBeau M. Drug-facilitated sexual assault (date rape), Southern Medical Journal, 93(6), 2000; 558-561.

Mediterranean Institute of Gender Studies. Date Rape Cases Among Young Women and the Development of Good Practices for Support and Prevention, 2008.

Retrieved 15th September, 2011 from www. medinstgenderstudies. org.

Ajuwon, A. Research on sexual coercion among young persons: The experiences and lessons learned from Ibadan, Nigeria, New Delhi meeting, sponsored by

Population Council; September 22- 23, 2003. Retrieved 26th January, 2013 from www.…/05_manual_health…

Smith P and Welchans S. Peer education: does focusing on male responsibility change sexual assault attitudes? Violence Against Women, 2000; 6:1255-1268.

USAID. Addressing Gender-based Violence through USAID’s Health Programs: A Guide for Health Sector


  • There are currently no refbacks.