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HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and misconceptions among women attending government-owned antenatal clinics in Gwagwalada Area Council of Abuja, Nigeria

Aboh O. Otokpa, Taiwo O. Lawoyin, Michael C. Asuzu

Abstract

This study assessed the level of knowledge and misconceptions about HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention among women. Using a semi-structured pretested questionnaire we obtained relevant data from 420 respondents in five randomly selected antenatal clinics (ANCs) in Gwagwalada Area Council (GAC) of Abuja, Nigeria. Knowledge about the existence of HIV/AIDS was high (92.8%). Only 52.1% knew the cause of AIDS and 58.6% were aware that AIDS had no cure. About twenty percent of respondents believed that breast-milk could not transmit HIV and 27.9% were unaware that condom protects against HIV. Only 33.3% were aware that HIV infected persons may look and feel healthy. Mothers with at least secondary level education had significantly higher knowledge scores on HIV/AIDS transmission (X2 = 14.8, p = 0.01) than less educated mothers and less educated mothers were more likely to relate HIV infection to past misdeeds (X2 = 13.6, p = 0.01). Significant misconception concerning HIV transmission existed in the study population. More community outreach programmes to intensify HIV education and counseling in GAC is required.  (Afr J Reprod Health 2013; 17[1]: 114-121).

Résumé

Cette étude a fait une évaluation du niveau de connaissances et d'idées fausses sur la transmission du VIH / sida  et sa prévention chez les femmes. A l’aide d'un questionnaire semi-structuré et pré-contrôlé, nous avons obtenu des données pertinentes parmi les 420 interviewées choisies au hasard dans cinq consultations prénatales (CPN) auprès du Conseil Local de Gwagwalada (CLG), Abuja, au Nigéria. La connaissance de l'existence du VIH / sida était élevée (92,8%). Seulement 52,1% connaissaient la cause du sida et 58,6% étaient au courant que le sida n’avait pas de remède. Environ vingt pour cent des interviewées croyaient que le lait maternel ne pouvait pas transmettre le VIH et 27,9% ne savaient pas que le préservatif protège contre le VIH. Seulement 33,3% étaient au courant que les personnes infectées par le VIH peuvent avoir l’air d’être en bonne santé. Les mères qui ont  au moins une éducation secondaire ont obtenu des notes significativement plus élevées de connaissances de la transmission du VIH / sida (X2 = 14,8, p = 0,01) que les mères moins instruites et les mères moins instruites  étaient plus susceptibles d’attribuer  l’infection du VIH aux méfaits du passé (X2 = 13,6, p = 0,01). Un malentendu significatif concernant la transmission du VIH existe dans la population étudiée. Il faut davantage de programmes communautaires pour intensifier le renseignement sur le VIH et de conseil dans le CAG (Afr J Reprod Health 2013; 17[1]: 114-121).

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, knowledge, misconception, antenatal clinic, pregnant women

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