Changing Patterns of Unmet Needs for Family Planning Among Women of Reproductive Age in Nigeria

Bamgboye E. A., Ajayi I.

Abstract

Unplanned pregnancy poses a major public health challenge to women of reproductive age in Nigeria and this has been hastened by poor use of modern family planning methods. This study employed secondary data analysis of the National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey conducted in 2007 and 2012 to explore the  the pattern of unmet needs for family planning and associated factors over the five year period. The total unmet needs were 9.1% in 2007 and increased to 11.4% in 2012. Identified predictors were locality, fear of side effects and geopolitical zones in both the 2007 and 2012 surveys though with some variations. The level of family planning use among married couples is still very low in Nigeria and there was a rise in the unmet need for family planning among women of reproductive age group over the 5 year period. Regional specific interventions as well as provider-client discussions about family planning can be key to sustained use of modern contraceptives in Nigerian women. (Afr J Reprod Health 2016 (Special Edition); 20[3]: 127-135).

Full Text:

PDF

References

WHO, Safe Abortion: Technical and Policy Guidance for Health Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2nd edition, 2012,http:// apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/70914/1/9789241 548434_eng.pdf. 2. Monjok E, Smesny A, Ekabua JE et al: Contraceptive practices in Nigeria: Literature review and recommendation for future policy decisions: Open Access Journal of Contraception 2010:1:9-22. 3. World Health Organization, May 2011: Fact Sheet: www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheets/fs348/en/inde x.htm.Accessed, June 2011.

Westoff Charles F. Unmet Need at the End of the Century: DHS Comparative Reports No.1. Calverton, Maryland: ORC Macro; 2001. 5. Westoff, Charles F. 2006. New Estimates of Unmet Need and the Demand for Family Planning. DHS Comparative Reports No. 14. Calverton, Maryland, USA. Macro International Inc. 6. Nigerian Demography Health Survey Report. 2013. 7. Nigerian Demography Health Survey Report. 2008. 8. National Population Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ORC Macro. 2004. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2003. Calverton, Maryland: National Population Commission and ORC Macro. 9. Health 2011: Maternal and Reproductive Health Issues. www.cdc.org/reproductivehealth/index.htm. Accessed May 2011 . 10. Igwegbe AO, Ugboaja JO, Monago EN: Prevalence and determinants of unmet need for family planning in Nnewi, South East Nigeria: Int. Journal of Med and Med Sci. 2009: 1(8): 325-329. 11. Srivastava DK, Goutam P, Goutam R, Gour N, Bansal M : A study to assess the unmet need of family planning in Gwalior district and to study the factors that helps in determining it. National Journal of Community Medicine. 2011; 2(1): 28-31. 12. Khan, Shane, Sarah E.K. Bradley, Joy Fishel, and Vinod Mishra. 2008. Unmet Need and the Demand for Family Planning in Uganda: Further Analysis of the Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys, 19952006. Calverton, Maryland, USA: Macro International Inc. 13. Abdel Aziem A, Duria A Rayis, Mona Mamoune: Use of family planning methods in Kassala, Eastern Sudan: BMC Res Notes. 2011:4(43). 14. Adetokunbo T, Oluwarotimi A, Abiola et al: Contraceptive knowledge and usage amongst female secondary school students in Lagos, South West Nigeria: Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology 2011: 3(1):34-37. 15. Alan Guttmacher Institute. International Family Planning Perspectives; Fertility Transition. New York: University of North Carolina; 2004. 16. Bongrats, J. and Bruce, J.: The causes of unmet need for contraception and the social content of services, Studies in Family Planning. 1995: 26(2), 57-75. 17. Casterline, JB and Sinding, SW: Unmet need for family planning in developing countries and implications for population policy. Popul and Dev. Review. 2000; 26: 691-723. 18. Center for Communication Programmes. Population Reports. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health: Baltimore; 2003: 3-30. 19. Nazzar A., Adongo Philip B., Binka Fred N. et al. Developing a culturally appropriate Family planning program for the Navrongo Experiment; Studies in Family planning. New York: Population Council. 1995;.26( 6). 20. Phillips James F., Hossain Bazle M., Kuenning Arends

Bamgboye et al. Unmet needs for Family Planning among Women in Nigeria

African Journal of Reproductive Health September 2016 (Special Edition); 20(3): 135

M., The Long-term Demographic Role of Community-based Family Planning in Rural Bangladesh; Studies in Family Planning. New York: Population Council. 1996; 27( 4): 204-219 21. Prata N: The need for family planning. Popul Environ .2007; 28:212-222. 22. Subhash B: Socio-economic and Demographic Determinants of Unmet Need for Family Planning in India and its Consequences. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences . 2013; 3(3):22222863. 23. Letamo, G. and K. Navaneetham (2015). "Levels, trends and reasons for unmet need for family planning among married women in Botswana: a crosssectional study." BMJ Open 5(3): e006603. 24. Vohra R, Vohra A, Sharma S, Rathore MS, Sharma BN, Sharma MP : Determinants of the unmet need for family among women of Jaipur, Rajasthan. Int J Adv Med Res. 2014; 1:20-5. 25. Kisaakye, P. (2013). "Determinants of unmet need for

contraception to space and limit births among various groups of currently married women in Uganda." European Scientific Journal. 26. Ajong, A. B., et al. (2016). "Determinants of unmet need for family planning among women in Urban Cameroon: a cross sectional survey in the BiyemAssi Health District, Yaoundé." BMC women's health 16(1): 1. 27. Oginni, A. B., et al. (2015). "Trend and Determinants of Unmet Need for Family Planning Services among Currently Married Women and Sexually Active Unmarried Women Aged 15-49 in Nigeria (2003-2013)." Etude de la Population Africaine 29(1): 1483. 28. Adebowale, S. A. and M. E. Palamuleni (2014). "Determinants of unmet need for modern contraception and reasons for non-use among married women in rural areas of Burkina Faso." Etude de la Population Africaine 28(1): 499.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.