The Abuja +12 Declaration: Implications for HIV Response in Africa

Rosemary W Mburu, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Olayide Akanni


Heads of State and Governments of the Organization of African Unity now the African Union (AU) met in April 2001 at a Special Summit held in Abuja to address the challenges of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and other related infectious diseases in Africa. In May 2006, at the Special Summit under the theme: “Universal Access to HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Services by 2010”, the African Union Heads of States and Governments adopted the “Abuja Call for Accelerated Action towards Universal Access to HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Services in Africa” and related commitments thus reaffirming earlier commitments.  In July 2013, African leaders once again gathered in Abuja for the Abuja +12 summit, which focused on the theme ‘Ownership, Accountability and Sustainability of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria in Africa: Past, Present and the Future’. At the meeting, African leaders noted the tremendous progress that has been made in addressing HIV and AIDS, and made further commitments to effectively tackle the HIV epidemic on the continent. This article presents a critical look at each of these commitments and makes recommendations that would assist African countries in developing policies to end the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the region. (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[3]: 34-46)


Keywords: Abuja declaration; HIV infections; combination prevention; research for preventive measures; domestic resource mobilization


Les Chefs d'Etat et de gouvernements de l'Organisation de l'unité africaine devenue l'Union africaine (UA) se sont réunis en avril 2001, à un Sommet extraordinaire tenu à Abuja pour relever les défis du VIH / SIDA, de la tuberculose, du paludisme et d'autres maladies infectieuses connexes en Afrique. En mai 2006, lors du Sommet extraordinaire sur le thème: «Accès universel aux services du VIH / SIDA, de la tuberculose et du paludisme  d'ici  2010", les chefs d'Etats et de gouvernements de l'Union africaine ont adopté l’ «Appel d'Abuja pour une action accélérée vers l'accès universel aux services du VIH / SIDA,  de la tuberculose et du  paludisme  en Afrique » et les engagements connexes réaffirmant ainsi ses engagements antérieurs. En juillet 2013, les dirigeants africains se sont réunis une fois de plus à Abuja pour le sommet d'Abuja  +12, qui portait sur le thème «La propriété, la responsabilité et la durabilité du VIH / SIDA, de la tuberculose et du paludisme en Afrique: le passé, le présent et l'avenir». Lors de la réunion, les dirigeants africains ont noté les progrès considérables qui ont été accomplis dans la lutte contre le VIH et le sida, et ont pris des engagements supplémentaires sur un certain nombre de questions dans les moyens de lutter efficacement contre l'épidémie du VIH sur le continent. Cet article présente un regard critique sur chacun de ces engagements et fait des recommandations qui aideraient les pays africains à élaborer des politiques pour mettre fin à l'épidémie du VIH / SIDA dans la région. (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[3]: 34-46)

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