Medicalization of HIV and the African Response

Serah Gitome, Stella Njuguna, Zachary Kwena, Everlyne Ombati, Betty Njoroge, Elizabeth A. Bukusi

Abstract

Since the discovery of HIV, the advent of anti-retrovirals in the late 80s heralded an era of medicalization of HIV and fostered major advancements in the management of the disease.  Africa, despite its high HIV burden, lagged behind in the adoption of these advancements due to major resource and logistical constraints. Innovative responses such as family-centered models of care, community systems strengthening, integration of HIV care with existing health services, and economic and mobile phonebased approaches have been critical in the successful roll-out of evidence-based HIV/AIDS treatment even in the most resourcelimited settings. (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[3]: 25-33)  

Keywords: medicalization, HIV, Africa

 

Résumé 

Depuis la découverte du VIH, l'avènement des antirétroviraux à la fin des années 80 a marqué l'ère de la médicalisation du VIH et a favorisé des progres majeurs dans la gestion de la maladie.  En dépit de son lourd fardeau du VIH, l’Afrique traîne dans l'adoption de ces progrès en raison des contraintes importants de ressources et des logistiques. Des réponses innovantes telles que les modèles centrés sur les soins dans la famille, le renforcement des systèmes communautaires, l'intégration des soins du VIH dans les  services de santé existants, et les approches fondées sur l’économie et les téléphones portables ont joué un rôle crucial dans le succès de la mise à disposition de traitements du VIH fondés sur des preuves, même dans la plupart des pays à ressources limitées. (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[3]: 25-33)

 


Mots-clés: Médicalisation, VIH, Afrique

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