Determinants of Maternal Health Services Use among Vulnerable Women in a Rural Community in the Moroccan High Atlas

Majda Sebbani, Latifa Adarmouch, Mohamed Amine, Mohamed Cherkaoui

Abstract

Several factors affect the use of maternal health care services in developing countries. The aim was to describe the knowledge and attitudes of women in a rural area of the Moroccan High Atlas regarding aspects of maternal health, and to identify the determinants of use of maternal health care services. A cross-sectional study of 87 participants was conducted in a mountainous area near Marrakech utilizing two sampling methods (a door-to-door approach, and a mobile health caravan). Fisher test was used to compare two proportions, and the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test to compare two means (p value was 0.05). Median participants’ age was 24 years old [15-60]. Findings indicated that husband's education (p=0.005), woman's age (p=0.011), awareness of warning signs during pregnancy (p=0.01) and use of health center for other purposes other than pregnancy (p=0.007) were important influencing factors for use of prenatal consultation services. Factors that influenced supervised birth outcomes were the age of the woman (p=0.013), her education (p=0.027) and a positive attitude towards monitoring her pregnancy by a health professional (p=0.006). To improve utilization rates for maternal health services, these factors must be considered when designing interventions that aim to improve the quality of these services in the community. (Afr J Reprod Health 2020; 24[1]: 97-105).

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