The State of Maternal and Infant Health and Mortality in Chad

Brice Wilfried Obiang-Obounou, Manka Eunice Fuh


The level of Chad’s government expenditure on health is a predictor of the general health of the population and, consequently, life expectancy. We used data from the World Bank’s World Development Indicators and publications from the World Health Organization to assess the state of maternal and infant health and mortality. The primary objective of this research was to investigate whether Chad had reduced the risk of maternal and infant mortality after signing the Abuja Declaration in 2001. We hypothesised that increased general government health expenditure was associated with improved health mediated by increased numbers of skill health workers and minimum out-of-pocket health expenditure. Our secondary objective was to assess effective implementations of health policies in line with the Millennium Development Goals that Chad has agreed to achieve by 2015. We observed that, as of 2015, the government health expenditure was only 6.28% and the population out-of-pocket spending was over 56%. Furthermore, only 20% of women give birth in a hospital. These results led to three major policies recommendations in order to improve maternal and infant health in Chad: skilled birth attendants training, enhanced social status of nurses, and the development of a supplemental nutrition care program for women. (Afr J Reprod Health 2020; 24[1]:26-34).

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