Current Evidence Supporting Obstetric Fistula Prevention Strategies in Sub Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Aduragbemi O. Banke-Thomas, Oluwasola E. Wilton-Waddell, Salam F. Kouraogo, Judith E. Mueller

Abstract

Obstetric fistula has been eliminated in developed countries, but remains highly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. The End fistula campaign is the first concerted effort to eradicate the disease. The objective of this review is to retrieve and link available evidence to obstetric fistula prevention strategies in sub-Saharan Africa, since the campaign began. We searched databases for original research on obstetric fistula prevention. Fifteen articles meeting inclusion criteria were assessed for quality, and data extraction was performed. Grey literature provided context. Evidences from the articles were linked to prevention strategies retrieved from grey literature. The strategies were classified using an innovative target-focused method. Gaps in the literature show the need for fistula prevention research to aim at systematically measuring incidence and prevalence of the disease, identify the most effective and cost-effective strategies for fistula prevention and utilise innovative tools to measure impact of strategies in order to ensure eradication of fistula. (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[3]: 118-127)

 

Keywords: Obstetric fistula; Fistula prevention; Prevention strategies; Sub-Saharan Africa

 

Résumé 

La fistule obstétricale a été éliminée dans les pays développés, mais reste très répandue en Afrique sub-saharienne. La Campagne pour mettre fin à la fistule est le premier effort concerté pour éradiquer la maladie. L'objectif de ce compte rendu est de récupérer et de lier l’évidence disponible aux stratégies de la prévention de la fistule obstétricale en Afrique sub-saharienne, depuis le commencement  de la campagne. Nous avons cherché des bases de données pour la recherche originale sur la prévention de la fistule obstétricale. 15 articles ont satisfait  aux critères d'inclusion et ont été évalués pour vérifier leur qualité et l'extraction des données et a été réalisée. La documentation grise a fourni un contexte. Les évidences tirées ont été liés à des stratégies de prévention extraites de la documentation grise.  Les stratégies ont été classées à l'aide d'une méthode de cible axé innovante. Les lacunes dans la documentation montrent la nécessité pour la recherche sur la prévention de la fistule pour viser systématiquement la mesure de l'incidence et de la prévalence de la maladie, identifier les stratégies les plus efficaces et rentables pour la prévention de la fistule et d'utiliser des outils innovants pour mesurer l'impact des stratégies afin de garantir l'éradication de la fistule. (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[3]: 118-127) 

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