Sexual and Reproductive Health among High School Adolescents in West Shoa zone, Oromia Region in Ethiopia

Daba B. Furry, Yohana Mashalla, Gloria T. Tshweneagae


Adolescent‘s sexual and reproductive health is a challenge in many low and middle-income countries. We assessed the knowledge and attitude towards sexual and reproductive health among adolescents in West Shoa zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia. The study was cross-sectional using simple multi-stage random sampling and a structured questionnaire was used to collect data among adolescents aged 15 – 19 years. Frequency distribution of dependent and independent variables were computed and Odds ratios were calculated to determine association between variables. Most participants were from poor and illiterate families. Slightly over half of them had heard about sexual and reproductive health and the knowledge of emergency contraceptive was limited. About 80% of the girls who had become pregnant ended the pregnancy with an abortion and discussion between parents and adolescents on sexuality issues were poor. Effort to empower adolescents and communities with correct sexual and reproductive health is required; academic curricula should be reviewed and health facilities should be engaged to provide sexuality education. (Afr J Reprod Health 2019; 23[1]: 65-72).

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