Salisu ABUBAKAR, Adamu Dalhatu, Ruqayya Hamza, Jamila Bello Galadima


Unskilled home delivery is a threat to maternal and child health. In northern Nigeria, many pregnant women attend antenatal care but quit to deliver at home despite knowing the potential consequences. An institutional delivery, helps reduce various complications during childbirth, and therefore decreases the rates of maternal and child mortality. To explore the determinants of home delivery after attending antenatal services, the study employed a cross-sectional design and a non-probability purposive sampling technique. Findings of the study revealed that, majority (74.1%) of the women predominantly between the ages of 25-35 years, quit antenatal care to deliver at home mainly due to male attendance during delivery and family issues. The study concluded that, pregnant women are aware of the importance of antenatal care and, do deliver at home due to sociocultural and religious preferences. To combat maternal mortality in this region with high record, values and beliefs of the women and families should be put into cognizance. Additionally, more maternity centres including waiting homes should be provided.



Berhan, Y. & Berhan, A. (2014). Antenatal care as means of increasing birth in the health facility and reducing maternal mortality: A systematic review. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 24(0),p. 93-104.

World Health Organization (2002). WHO Antenatal Care Randomised Trial: Manual for the Implementation of the New Model. accessed 13/01/2016

World Health Organization (2002). World Health Report. Geneva: Statistical Annex, WHO; 2002.

World Health Organization (2015) Global Health Observatory Data: Maternal Mortality

Ewa, E. E., Lasisi, C.J., Maduka, S.O., Ita, A.E., Ibor, U.W. & Anjorin, O.A. (2012). Perceived factors influencing the choice of antenatal care and delivery centres among childbearing women in Ibadan north south-western, Nigeria. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management EJESM, 5(4).

Wall, L.L. (1998). Dead Mothers and Injured Wives: The Social Context of Maternal Morbidity and Mortality among Hausa of Northern Nigeria. Studies in Family Planning. Volume 29: 341 – 359.

Henry, V.D. & Dahiru, T. (2010). Utilization of Non-Skilled Birth Attendants in Northern Nigeria: A Rough Terrain to the Health-Related MDGs. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 14(2). p.37

Okeshola, F. & Sadiq, I.T. (2013). Determinants of Home Delivery among Hausa in Kaduna South Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 3 (5) p. 78 – 85

Crespingy, L. & Salvescu, J. (2014). Homebirth and the future child. J Med Ethics 40 (12) p.807-812

Titaley,C. R., Hunter,C.L., Dibley,M.J. & Heywood,P. (2010). Why do women still prefer TBA and at home delivery: a qualitative study on delivery care services in West Java Province, Indonesia. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth.

WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, and United Nations Population Division (2015). Maternal Mortality in 1990 – 2015. accessed on 13/01/2016

National Population Commission (NPC) (2008). Nigeria and ORC Macro. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Calverton, Maryland: National Population Commission and ORC Macro.

Doctor, H., Findley, S. & Afenyadu, G. (2012) Estimating Maternal Mortality Level in Rural Northern Nigeria by the Sisterhood Method. International Journal of Population Research article ID 464657, 5 pages

Ibrahim, YAR’ZEBER (2014). Temporal Analysis of Maternal Mortality in Kano State, Northern Nigeria: A Six-Year Review. American Journal of Public Health Research, 2 (2) p.62-67

Nduka, I. & Nduka, E.C. (2014). Determinants of non-institutional deliveries in an urban community in Nigeria. J Med Investig Pract, 9:p. 102-107.

Envuladu, E. A. Agbo, H.A. Lassa, S. Kigbu, J. H. & Zoakah, A. I. (2013). Factors determining the choice of a place of delivery among pregnant women in Russia village of Jos North, Nigeria: achieving the MDGs 4 and 5 Int J Med Biomed Res 2(1) p.23-27.

Adetoro, O. O (2013) Maternal Mortality: The Way Forward. accessed on 13/01/2016

Ogunjimi Lucas Olusegun, O. L., Thomas, I. R. & Micheal, I. R. (2012). Curbing Maternal and Child Mortality: The Nigerian experience. International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, 4(3), pp.33 – 39.

Abebe, F. Berhane ,Y. & Girma, B., (2012) Factors associated with home delivery in Bahirdar, Ethiopia: A case control study. BMC Research Notes. 5(653).


  • There are currently no refbacks.