The Knowledge Base and Acceptability of Prenatal Diagnosis by Pregnant Women in Ibadan

Adesina O.A. Adekanbi, Oladapo O. Olayemi, Adeniran O. Fawole

Abstract

This cross-sectional study evaluated knowledge and acceptability of prenatal diagnosis among 500 pregnant women at the University College Hospital, Ibadan. Most participants were aged 25-34 years , self-employed, Muslim, monogamy, secondary school leavers, on income of < ₦10,000.00 (US$ 67.00)/month. Attitudinal mean score was dependent on age (p = 0.006), educational attainment (p = 0.001), marital status (p = 0.025) and religion (p = 0.012). Knowledge mean score was influenced by marital status (p = 0.028). Overall, acceptance of prenatal diagnosis was high. There was a direct correlation between acceptance and educational attainment: 41.5%, 31.5%, 19%, 19% of women who agreed to have prenatal diagnosis had tertiary, secondary school, primary school and no formal education respectively. Determinants of acceptability were age, educational attainment, marital status and religion. Being married significantly affected knowledge scores, while tertiary education, being divorced, unskilled and self-employed positively influenced attitude towards prenatal diagnosis.  (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[1]: 127132).

 

Keywords:  Prenatal Diagnosis Knowledge Acceptance  

 

Résumé

Cette étude transversale a évalué la connaissance et l'acceptabilité du diagnostic prénatal auprès de 500 femmes enceintes au

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire d’Ibadan. La plupart des participantes étaient âgées de 25-34 ans, travailleuses indépendantes,  musulmanes,  monogames, diplômées des écoles secondaires, ayant des revenus de < ₦ 10,000.00  (US $ 67.00) / mois. Le score moyen sur les attitudes était une fonction d’âge (p = 0,006), le niveau de scolarité (p = 0,001),  l'état matrimonial (p = 0,025) et la religion (p = 0,012). Le score moyen de la connaissance a été influencée par le statut matrimonial (p = 0,028). Dans l'ensemble, l'acceptation du diagnostic prénatal a été élevée. Il y avait une corrélation directe entre l'acceptation et le niveau de scolarité : 41,5 %, 31,5 %, 19%,  19%  des femmes qui ont accepté que le diagnostic prénatal ont été scolarisées respectivement au niveaux tertiaire, secondaire, primaire et aucune éducation formelle. Les déterminants de l'acceptabilité étaient l'âge, le niveau d'instruction, l'état matrimonial et la religion. Le fait d’être mariée a affecté  les  scores sur la connaissance de manière significative, tandis que l'enseignement supérieur, le fait d’être divorcée,  non qualifiées et indépendante a influencé positivement l’attitude envers le diagnostic prénatal. (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[1]: 127-132).

 


Mots-clés: diagnostic prénatal, connaissances, acceptation

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