The Effect of Educational Intervention on Family Planning Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among Married Women in a Military Barrack in Northern Nigeria

Abdulrazaq A. G., Kabir S., Mohammad N. S., Suleiman I. H.


Army barracks in Nigeria have low contraceptive prevalence rates (CPRs) and many children per family. The aim of this interventional study, involving 963 married women, is to determine the impact of health education on family planning knowledge, attitudes, and practices among married barrack women. The intervention group attended a 50-minute health talk and demonstrations on family planning methods. In the intervention group, the mean knowledge score rose significantly, from 5.5 points to 7.8 points post-intervention (t = -16.7281, p = 0.0000, df = 460). In addition, the CPR increased significantly, from

11.8% at baseline to 22.4% post-intervention (McNemar’s χ2 = 125.41, p = 0.0000). Such significant changes were not noted in the control group. We conclude that health education is an effective intervention for improving knowledge about and attitudes towards contraceptives and their use among married women in military barracks in Nigeria. Intense and sustained health education is therefore recommended in addressing the low CPR in Nigeria. (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[1]: 93-101).


Keywords: Impact, educational, intervention, family, planning, women.



Les casernes de l'armée au Nigeria ont de faibles taux de prévalence contraceptive (CPR) et de nombreux enfants par famille. L'objectif de cette étude d'intervention qui implique 963 femmes mariées, est de déterminer l'impact de l'éducation de la santé sur la connaissance, les attitudes et les pratiques de la planification familiale chez les femmes mariées de la caserne. Le groupe d'intervention a participé à une conférence d’une durée de 50 minutes sur la santé et des démonstrations sur les méthodes de planification familiale. Dans le groupe d’intervention, le score moyen de la connaissance a augmenté considérablement, passant de 5,5 points à 7,8 points après l'intervention (t = 16,7281, p = 0.0000, df = 460).  En outre, le CFCP a augmenté considérablement, passant de 11,8 % au départ à post- intervention de 22,4% (le χ2 de McNemar = 125.41, p = 0,0000). De telles modifications significatives n’ont été constatées dans le groupe témoin. Nous concluons que l'éducation de la santé est une intervention efficace pour améliorer la connaissance et les attitudes envers les contraceptifs et de leur utilisation chez les femmes mariées dans les casernes au Nigeria. Nous préconisons donc une éducation de la santé intense et soutenue  pour remédier au faible CPR au Nigeria. (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[1]: 93-101).


Mots-clés: impact, éducation, intervention,  famille,  planification,  femmes.

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