SHORT REPORT: Awareness, Use, and Unmet Need for Family Planning in Rural Northern Nigeria

Henry V. Doctor, Sally E. Findley, Godwin Y. Afenyadu, Garba M. Ashir

Abstract

Access to quality reproductive health and family planning services remain poor in Nigeria. We present results on family planning awareness and use from a survey of 3,080 women (age 15-49 years) in Jigawa, Katsina, Yobe, and Zamfara States. About 43.0% had heard of any method of contraception whereas 36.6% had heard of any modern method. Overall, 7.0% of all currently married women reported ever using a method of contraception; 4.4% used a modern method and 2.9% used a traditional method. Only 1.3% of women in union (currently married or cohabiting) used modern contraception methods at the time of the survey; 1.3% of women in union used traditional methods. Unmet need for family planning was 10.3%. Low family planning use in the presence of low awareness and low felt need suggests, among other things, a need to increase awareness and uptake and make family planning commodities available. (Afr J Reprod Health 2013; 17[4]: 107-117).

Full Text:

PDF

References

UNICEF. The state of the world’s Children 2009. New York: United Nations Children’s Fund, 2009.

World Health Organization. Cause-specific mortality and morbidity, maternal mortality ratio. World Health Statistics, Global Health Observatory Repository Data. Available at: http://apps.who.int/ghodata; Accessed 31 October 2011.

Federal Ministry of Health of Nigeria, Save the Children and ACCESS. Saving newborn lives in Nigeria: newborn health in the context of the integrated maternal newborn and child health strategy. Abuja, Nigeria: Federal Ministry of Health, Save the Children and ACCESS, 2009.

Doctor, HV., A. Olatunji, S.E. Findley, G.Y. Afenyadu, A. Abdulwahab, and A. Jumare.“Maternal mortality in northern Nigeria: findings of a health and demographic surveillance system in Zamfara State, Nigeria.” Tropical Doctor 2012; 42(3): 140-143

Centre for Reproductive Rights and Women Advocates Research and Documentation Centre. Broken promises: human rights, accountability, and maternal death in Nigeria. New York, United States and Lagos, Nigeria: Centre for Reproductive Rights and Women Advocates Research and Documentation Centre, 2008.

National Population Commission [Nigeria] and ICF Macro. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2008 Preliminary Report. Abuja, Nigeria and Calverton, Maryland: National Population Commission and ICF Macro, 2009.

National Population Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ORC Macro. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2003. Calverton, Maryland: National Population Commission and ORC Macro, 2004.

Kirk, D. Demographic transition theory. Population Studies 1996; 50(3): 361-387.

Wallace, H.M., E.M. Gold, and S. Dooley. Relationship between family planning and maternal and child health. American Journal of Public Health1969; 59(8): 1355-1360.

Addai, I. Ethnicity and contraceptive use in sub Saharan Africa: The case of Ghana. Journal of Biosocial Science 1999; 31: 105-120.

World Health Organization. Immunization coverage cluster survey – reference manual. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals, 2005.

Ahmed, S. Muslim Women Attitude Towards Family Planning. Chapter 8; p.122-125; India, New Delhi: Publisher Sarup and Sons; 2003.

Chen, L.C., M.C. Gesche, S. Ahmed, A.I. Chowdhury, and W.H. Mosley. Maternal Mortality in Rural Bangladesh. Studies in Family Planning 1974; 5(11): 334-341.

Disease Control Priorities Project. Why contraception is considered a best buy: family planning saves lives and spurs development, fact sheet. Washington, DC: Disease Control Priorities Project; 2007.

Winikoff, B. and M. Sullivan. Assessing the role of family planning in reducing maternal mortality. Studies in Family Planning 1987; 18(3): 128-143.

Cates, W. Family planning: the essential link to achieving all eight Millennium Development Goals. Contraception 2010; 81: 460-461.

Cincotta RP. How do democracies grow up: countries with too many young people may not have a fighting chance for freedom? Foreign Policy 2008; 165:80–82.

Duze, M.C. and I.Z. Mohammed. Male knowledge, attitudes, and family planning practices in Northern Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health 2006; 10(3): 53-65.

PRRINN-MNCH Program. 2011 annual report. Kano, Nigeria: PRRINN-MNCH Program, 2012.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.