Menstruation: Symptoms, Management and Attitudes of Female Nursing Students in Ibadan, Nigeria

Moronkola O.A, Uzuegbu V.U


This study surveyed 120 student nurses from two schools of nursing in Ibadan, Nigeria to assess the symptoms experienced during menstruation, attitude towards and management of menstruation. The student nurses overall mean age at menarche was 14 years, average duration of menstrual period was five days and mean of menstrual cycle was 28 days. Out of the 120 study participants, 93% were having menstruation regularly. More participants experienced symptoms during premenstrual periods than menstrual periods. Majority (70%) used sanitary pad to manage their menstruation, 93% had positive attitude towards menstruation while only 20% consulted medical doctors whenever they experienced menstrual symptoms. Paracetamol was the drug of choice for many of the participants whenever they experienced menstrual symptoms.

It was recommended that authorities in schools of nursing should not overlook reproductive health needs of students. Also teaching of reproductive health education early in primary and secondary schools should be encouraged. (Afr J Reprod Health 2006; 10[3]:84-89)


Keywords: Menstruation, Symptoms, Management, Attitude, Female Nursing Students

Full Text:



Olukoya A.A. and Ferguson J. Adolescents sexual and reproductive health and development Arch Ib Med 2002, 3:22-27

Arkutu A.N. Healthy women healthy mothers: An information guide 1995. New York: Family Care International.

Cronje H.S. and Kritzinger, I.E. Menstruation: Symptoms, management and attitudes in university students Int J Gynecol Obstet 1991, 35:147-150.

Hahn D and Payne, W.A. Focus on health 6th ed. 2003 Boston: McGraw Hill.

Geddes and Grosset. Sexual health 2002 Scotland: Geddes and Grosset.

Evans I and Hueszo C. Family planning handbook for health professionals 1997 London: IPPF International Office.

Marva M.L. and Escodedo, C. The premenstrual syndrome Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1999, 61:163-167.

Brookman-Amissah E. Saving African women's lives from unsafe abortion. Everyone has a role to play 2004 Afri J Reprod Health 2004, 8 (1): 11-14.

Okonofua F.E. Breaking the silence of prevention of unsafe abortion in Africa. Afri J Reprod Health 2004, 8 (1): 7-8.

Fakeye O. and Adegoke A. The characteristics of the menstrual cycle in Nigerian school girls and the implications for school health programmes. Afri J Med med Sc 23:13-17.

Watson C and Brazier E. You, your life dreams: A book for adolescents 2000. New York: Family Care International.

Scambler A and Scambler G. Menstrual symptoms, attitudes and consulting behaviour. Soc Sci Med 1985, 20 (10): 1065-1068.


  • There are currently no refbacks.