Barriers to implementation of placental transfusion of babies at birth in Zambia

K Midtbo, CJ Jones, M Kapasa, B Vwalika, H Rabe


Delayed cord clamping (DCC) and umbilical cord milking (CM) have many benefits. However, a previous study done in Zambia showed that it was not a common practice among midwives. This study investigated possible barriers to DCC and CM, at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka. This was a qualitative study. A convenience sample was chosen, and snowball sampling was used. The midwives were interviewed using semi-structured interviews. Burnard’s method of thematic content analysis was used. Through 14 interviews it became clear that the midwives were aware of DCC and used it whenever possible. The participants reported that the main barriers were the high workload and a variation in knowledge. A lack of facilities, such as heaters and resuscitation equipment in the delivery room also led to earlier cord clamping. The midwives were motivated to continue improving the routines. They expressed a need for more training as well as equipment and resources to facilitate DCC. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[2]: 58-67).

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