Evaluation of the Portuguese version of the London measure of unplanned pregnancy in Mozambique: A psychometric measurement study

Belarmina R Muleva, Ana Luiza V Borges, Jennifer A Hall, Geraldine Barrett


Robust forms of measurement such as the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP), which recognise the complexity of the construct of pregnancy planning/intention, are being adopted worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Mozambican Portuguese version of the LMUP. The Brazilian Portuguese interviewer-administered LMUP was culturally adapted for use in Mozambique and pre-tested with 28 women. Field testing included 524 women aged 16-42. Completion rates of LMUP items were 100%. LMUP scores 0-12 were captured. In terms of reliability (internal consistency), Cronbach’s alpha was 0.90, item-rest correlations were >0.2, and all inter-item correlations were positive. In terms of construct validity, principal components analysis showed that measurement was unidimensional, confirmatory factor analysis showed good model fit, and all hypotheses were met. We conclude that the Mozambican Portuguese LMUP is reliable, valid and suitable to use in Mozambique. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[2]: 47-57).

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