Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure: Findings from the Ibadan Pregnant Women’s Survey

Ade F. Adeniyi, Omoyemi O. Ogwumike, Chidinma I. Osinike

Abstract

Physical activity, if there are no medical caveats, is beneficial to all people including pregnant women. This study examined the level of physical activity in a group of pregnant Nigerian women. Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to assess the physical activity of 453 pregnant women. The mean age of participants was 30.89±4.44 years, 222 (49.0%) were sedentary, and only 46 (10.2%) presented with moderate activity level. The highest amount of energy (75.9 MET-h·wk-1) was expended on household activities. Women in the third trimester of pregnancy had more than three times the risk of being sedentary (OR=3.26,

95% CI = 2.11-4.56) but the risk reduced by 58% in gravid ≥5 women. Most of the pregnant women recorded physical activity that was lower than the recommended level, which could lead to unfavourable health outcomes for mother and child. Efforts to promote physical activity in pregnant women in this environment are desirable. Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[2]: 117-126).

 

Keywords: Physical activity, Energy expenditure, Pregnancy, Maternal health promotion

 

Résumé

S’il n'y a pas de mises en garde médicales, l'activité physique est bénéfique pour toutes les personnes y compris les femmes enceintes. Cette étude a examiné le niveau d'activité physique dans un groupe de femmes nigérianes enceintes. Un questionnaire basé sur l’activité physique  a été utilisé pour évaluer l'activité physique de 453 femmes enceintes. L'âge moyen des participants était de 30,89 ± 4,44 ans, 222 (49,0%) étaient sédentaire, et seulement 46 (10,2%) ont présenté avec le niveau d'activité physique modéré. Le montant le plus élevé de l'énergie (75,9 MET-h• sem - 1) ont été consacrés aux activités ménagères. Les femmes dans le troisième trimestre de la grossesse courent plus de trois fois le risque d'être sédentaire (OR = 3,26, IC 95% 2,11 à 4,56 =) mais le risque se réduit de 58% en gravides ≥ 5 femmes. La plupart des femmes enceintes ont enregistré l'activité physique qui était inférieur au niveau recommandé, ce qui pourrait conduire à des résultats défavorables sur la santé de la mère et de l'enfant. il est souhaitable d’avoir des efforts pour promouvoir l'activité physique chez les femmes enceintes dans cet environnement. Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[2]: 117-126).

 

Mots-clés: activité physique, dépenses d'énergie,  grossesse, promotion de la santé maternelle

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